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juice

Juice inlines CSS stylesheets into your HTML source.

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Statistics on juice

Number of watchers on Github 1696
Number of open issues 21
Average time to close an issue about 1 month
Main language JavaScript
Average time to merge a PR 6 days
Open pull requests 5+
Closed pull requests 9+
Last commit over 1 year ago
Repo Created about 8 years ago
Repo Last Updated over 1 year ago
Size 622 KB
Organization / Authorautomattic
Latest Releasev4.2.3
Contributors32
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Juice

Given HTML, juice will inline your CSS properties into the style attribute.

How to use

Juice has a number of functions based on whether you want to process a file, HTML string, or a cheerio document, and whether you want juice to automatically get remote stylesheets, scripts and image dataURIs to inline.

To inline HTML without getting remote resources, using default options:

var juice = require('juice');
var result = juice("<style>div{color:red;}</style><div/>");

result will be:

<div style="color: red;"></div>

Try out the web client version

What is this useful for ?

  • HTML emails. For a comprehensive list of supported selectors see here
  • Embedding HTML in 3rd-party websites.

Projects using juice

Documentation

Juice is exposed as a standard module, and from CLI with a smaller set of options.

Options

All juice methods take an options object that can contain any of these properties, though not every method uses all of these:

  • applyAttributesTableElements - whether to create attributes for styles in juice.styleToAttribute on elements set in juice.tableElements. Defaults to true.

  • applyHeightAttributes - whether to use any CSS pixel heights to create height attributes on elements set in juice.heightElements. Defaults to true.

  • applyStyleTags - whether to inline styles in <style></style> Defaults to true.

  • applyWidthAttributes - whether to use any CSS pixel widths to create width attributes on elements set in juice.widthElements. Defaults to true.

  • extraCss - extra css to apply to the file. Defaults to "".

  • insertPreservedExtraCss - whether to insert into the document any preserved @media or @font-face content from extraCss when using preserveMediaQueries or preserveFontFaces. When true order of preference to append the <style> element is into head, then body, then at the end of the document. When a string the value is treated as a CSS/jQuery/cheerio selector, and when found, the <style> tag will be appended to the end of the first match. Defaults to true.

  • inlinePseudoElements - Whether to insert pseudo elements (::before and ::after) as <span> into the DOM. Note: Inserting pseudo elements will modify the DOM and may conflict with CSS selectors elsewhere on the page (e.g., :last-child).

  • preserveFontFaces - preserves all @font-face within <style></style> tags as a refinement when removeStyleTags is true. Other styles are removed. Defaults to true.

  • preserveImportant - preserves !important in values. Defaults to false.

  • preserveMediaQueries - preserves all media queries (and contained styles) within <style></style> tags as a refinement when removeStyleTags is true. Other styles are removed. Defaults to true.

  • removeStyleTags - whether to remove the original <style></style> tags after (possibly) inlining the css from them. Defaults to true.

  • webResources - An options object that will be passed to web-resource-inliner for juice functions that will get remote resources (juiceResources and juiceFile). Defaults to {}.

  • xmlMode - whether to output XML/XHTML with all tags closed. Note that the input must also be valid XML/XHTML or you will get undesirable results. Defaults to false.

Methods

juice(html [, options])

Returns string containing inlined HTML. Does not fetch remote resources.

  • html - html string, accepts complete documents as well as fragments
  • options - optional, see Options above

juice.juiceResources(html, options, callback)

Callback returns string containing inlined HTML. Fetches remote resources.

  • html - html string
  • options - see Options above
  • callback(err, html)
    • err - Error object or null
    • html - inlined HTML

juice.juiceFile(filePath, options, callback)

Callback returns string containing inlined HTML. Fetches remote resources.

  • filePath - path to the html file to be juiced
  • options - see Options above
  • callback(err, html)
    • err - Error object or null
    • html - inlined HTML

juice.juiceDocument($ [, options])

This takes a cheerio instance and performs inlining in-place. Returns the same cheerio instance. Does not fetch remote resources.

  • $ - a cheerio instance, be sure to use the same cheerio version that juice uses
  • options - optional, see Options above`

juice.inlineContent(html, css [, options])

This takes html and css and returns new html with the provided css inlined. It does not look at <style> or <link rel="stylesheet"> elements at all.

  • html - html string
  • css - css string
  • options - optional, see Options above

juice.inlineDocument($, css [, options])

Given a cheerio instance and css, this modifies the cheerio instance so that the provided css is inlined. It does not look at <style> or <link rel="stylesheet"> elements at all.

  • $ - a cheerio instance, be sure to use the same cheerio version that juice uses
  • css - css string
  • options - optional, see Options above

Global settings

juice.codeBlocks

An object where each value has a start and end to specify fenced code blocks that should be ignored during parsing and inlining. For example, Handlebars (hbs) templates are juice.codeBlocks.HBS = {start: '{{', end: '}}'}. codeBlocks can fix problems where otherwise juice might interpret code like <= as HTML, when it is meant to be template language code. Note that codeBlocks is a dictionary which can contain many different code blocks, so don't do juice.codeBlocks = {...} do juice.codeBlocks.myBlock = {...}

juice.ignoredPseudos

Array of ignored pseudo-selectors such as 'hover' and 'active'.

juice.widthElements

Array of HTML elements that can receive width attributes.

juice.heightElements

Array of HTML elements that can receive height attributes.

juice.styleToAttribute

Object of style property names (key) to their respective attribute names (value).

juice.tableElements

Array of table HTML elements that can receive attributes defined in juice.styleToAttribute.

juice.nonVisualElements

Array of elements that will not have styles inlined because they are not intended to render.

juiceClient.excludedProperties

Array of css properties that won't be inlined.

Special markup

data-embed

When a data-embed attribute is present on a stylesheet <link> that has been inlined into the document as a <style></style> tag by the web-resource-inliner juice will not inline the styles and will not remove the <style></style> tags.

This can be used to embed email client support hacks that rely on css selectors into your email templates.

CLI Options

To use Juice from CLI, run juice [options] input.html output.html

For a listing of all available options, just type juice -h.

Note that if you want to just type juice from the command line, you should npm install juice -g so it is globally available.

CLI Options:

The CLI should have all the above options with the names changed from camel case to hyphen-delimited, so for example extraCss becomes extra-css and webResources.scripts becomes web-resources-scripts.

These are additional options not included in the standard juice options listed above:

  • --css [filepath] will load and inject CSS into extraCss.
  • --options-file [filepath] will load and inject options from a JSON file. Options from the CLI will be given priority over options in the file when there is a conflict.

Running Juice in the Browser

Attempting to Browserify require('juice') fails because portions of Juice and its dependencies interact with the file system using the standard require('fs'). However, you can require('juice/client') via Browserify which has support for juiceDocument, inlineDocument, and inlineContent, but not juiceFile, juiceResources, or inlineExternal. Note that automated tests are not running in the browser yet.

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2015 Guillermo Rauch <guillermo@learnboost.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

3rd-party

juice open issues Ask a question     (View All Issues)
  • almost 3 years Mandrill Handlebars Template breaking
  • almost 3 years Allow juice to run with stdin and stdout if no filenames passed
  • about 3 years Media queries in css not showing in result using preserveMediaQueries option
  • about 3 years Put pseudos into <style> tag
  • about 3 years git repository dependence
  • about 3 years Optionally not inline selectors that match multiple times
  • about 3 years <!--[if die msg 9]--> is killing juice for inner contents :(
  • over 3 years Error with whitespace removal from linear-gradient
  • over 3 years [suggestion]: Option to add query string to links
  • over 3 years Quick question on embedding a font as base64
  • over 4 years CSS to hide/show on focus
  • over 4 years [suggestion]: Provide option to minify inlined styles and style tags left behind
  • over 5 years option to remove class and id attribute
  • over 5 years [suggestion]: Helper to remove the classes from HTML tags
juice open pull requests (View All Pulls)
  • Refactored code to better "isolate" cheerio dependency and enable jquery usage
  • Add a functionality to not inline certain css rules ( with [dontInline] attribute )
  • Add TypeScript type definitions
  • Add feature: Only inline when matched once
  • Use pipe input and pipe output
juice questions on Stackoverflow (View All Questions)
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  • What is wrong with this solution while solving JUICE on SPOJ?
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  • Marmalade Juice - convert .xcworkspace to Android
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