Want to take your software engineering career to the next level? Join the mailing list for career tips & advice Click here


Command-line program to download videos from YouTube.com and other video sites

Subscribe to updates I use youtube-dl

Statistics on youtube-dl

Number of watchers on Github 68808
Number of open issues 3699
Average time to close an issue about 16 hours
Main language Python
Average time to merge a PR 3 days
Open pull requests 357+
Closed pull requests 374+
Last commit 3 months ago
Repo Created almost 10 years ago
Repo Last Updated 3 months ago
Size 56.3 MB
Homepage http://ytdl-org.g...
Organization / Authorytdl-org
Latest Release2020.06.16.1
Page Updated
Do you use youtube-dl? Leave a review!
View open issues (3699)
View youtube-dl activity
View on github
Book a Mock Interview With Me (Silicon Valley Engineering Leader, 100s of interviews conducted)
Software engineers: It's time to get promoted. Starting NOW! Subscribe to my mailing list and I will equip you with tools, tips and actionable advice to grow in your career.
Evaluating youtube-dl for your project? Score Explanation
Commits Score (?)
Issues & PR Score (?)

Build Status

youtube-dl - download videos from youtube.com or other video platforms


To install it right away for all UNIX users (Linux, macOS, etc.), type:

sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl

If you do not have curl, you can alternatively use a recent wget:

sudo wget https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -O /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl

Windows users can download an .exe file and place it in any location on their PATH except for %SYSTEMROOT%\System32 (e.g. do not put in C:\Windows\System32).

You can also use pip:

sudo -H pip install --upgrade youtube-dl

This command will update youtube-dl if you have already installed it. See the pypi page for more information.

macOS users can install youtube-dl with Homebrew:

brew install youtube-dl

Or with MacPorts:

sudo port install youtube-dl

Alternatively, refer to the developer instructions for how to check out and work with the git repository. For further options, including PGP signatures, see the youtube-dl Download Page.


youtube-dl is a command-line program to download videos from YouTube.com and a few more sites. It requires the Python interpreter, version 2.6, 2.7, or 3.2+, and it is not platform specific. It should work on your Unix box, on Windows or on macOS. It is released to the public domain, which means you can modify it, redistribute it or use it however you like.

youtube-dl [OPTIONS] URL [URL...]


-h, --help                       Print this help text and exit
--version                        Print program version and exit
-U, --update                     Update this program to latest version. Make
                                 sure that you have sufficient permissions
                                 (run with sudo if needed)
-i, --ignore-errors              Continue on download errors, for example to
                                 skip unavailable videos in a playlist
--abort-on-error                 Abort downloading of further videos (in the
                                 playlist or the command line) if an error
--dump-user-agent                Display the current browser identification
--list-extractors                List all supported extractors
--extractor-descriptions         Output descriptions of all supported
--force-generic-extractor        Force extraction to use the generic
--default-search PREFIX          Use this prefix for unqualified URLs. For
                                 example "gvsearch2:" downloads two videos
                                 from google videos for youtube-dl "large
                                 apple". Use the value "auto" to let
                                 youtube-dl guess ("auto_warning" to emit a
                                 warning when guessing). "error" just throws
                                 an error. The default value "fixup_error"
                                 repairs broken URLs, but emits an error if
                                 this is not possible instead of searching.
--ignore-config                  Do not read configuration files. When given
                                 in the global configuration file
                                 /etc/youtube-dl.conf: Do not read the user
                                 configuration in ~/.config/youtube-
                                 dl/config (%APPDATA%/youtube-dl/config.txt
                                 on Windows)
--config-location PATH           Location of the configuration file; either
                                 the path to the config or its containing
--flat-playlist                  Do not extract the videos of a playlist,
                                 only list them.
--mark-watched                   Mark videos watched (YouTube only)
--no-mark-watched                Do not mark videos watched (YouTube only)
--no-color                       Do not emit color codes in output

Network Options:

--proxy URL                      Use the specified HTTP/HTTPS/SOCKS proxy.
                                 To enable SOCKS proxy, specify a proper
                                 scheme. For example
                                 socks5:// Pass in an empty
                                 string (--proxy "") for direct connection
--socket-timeout SECONDS         Time to wait before giving up, in seconds
--source-address IP              Client-side IP address to bind to
-4, --force-ipv4                 Make all connections via IPv4
-6, --force-ipv6                 Make all connections via IPv6

Geo Restriction:

--geo-verification-proxy URL     Use this proxy to verify the IP address for
                                 some geo-restricted sites. The default
                                 proxy specified by --proxy (or none, if the
                                 option is not present) is used for the
                                 actual downloading.
--geo-bypass                     Bypass geographic restriction via faking
                                 X-Forwarded-For HTTP header
--no-geo-bypass                  Do not bypass geographic restriction via
                                 faking X-Forwarded-For HTTP header
--geo-bypass-country CODE        Force bypass geographic restriction with
                                 explicitly provided two-letter ISO 3166-2
                                 country code
--geo-bypass-ip-block IP_BLOCK   Force bypass geographic restriction with
                                 explicitly provided IP block in CIDR

Video Selection:

--playlist-start NUMBER          Playlist video to start at (default is 1)
--playlist-end NUMBER            Playlist video to end at (default is last)
--playlist-items ITEM_SPEC       Playlist video items to download. Specify
                                 indices of the videos in the playlist
                                 separated by commas like: "--playlist-items
                                 1,2,5,8" if you want to download videos
                                 indexed 1, 2, 5, 8 in the playlist. You can
                                 specify range: "--playlist-items
                                 1-3,7,10-13", it will download the videos
                                 at index 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 11, 12 and 13.
--match-title REGEX              Download only matching titles (regex or
                                 caseless sub-string)
--reject-title REGEX             Skip download for matching titles (regex or
                                 caseless sub-string)
--max-downloads NUMBER           Abort after downloading NUMBER files
--min-filesize SIZE              Do not download any videos smaller than
                                 SIZE (e.g. 50k or 44.6m)
--max-filesize SIZE              Do not download any videos larger than SIZE
                                 (e.g. 50k or 44.6m)
--date DATE                      Download only videos uploaded in this date
--datebefore DATE                Download only videos uploaded on or before
                                 this date (i.e. inclusive)
--dateafter DATE                 Download only videos uploaded on or after
                                 this date (i.e. inclusive)
--min-views COUNT                Do not download any videos with less than
                                 COUNT views
--max-views COUNT                Do not download any videos with more than
                                 COUNT views
--match-filter FILTER            Generic video filter. Specify any key (see
                                 the "OUTPUT TEMPLATE" for a list of
                                 available keys) to match if the key is
                                 present, !key to check if the key is not
                                 present, key > NUMBER (like "comment_count
                                 > 12", also works with >=, <, <=, !=, =) to
                                 compare against a number, key = 'LITERAL'
                                 (like "uploader = 'Mike Smith'", also works
                                 with !=) to match against a string literal
                                 and & to require multiple matches. Values
                                 which are not known are excluded unless you
                                 put a question mark (?) after the operator.
                                 For example, to only match videos that have
                                 been liked more than 100 times and disliked
                                 less than 50 times (or the dislike
                                 functionality is not available at the given
                                 service), but who also have a description,
                                 use --match-filter "like_count > 100 &
                                 dislike_count <? 50 & description" .
--no-playlist                    Download only the video, if the URL refers
                                 to a video and a playlist.
--yes-playlist                   Download the playlist, if the URL refers to
                                 a video and a playlist.
--age-limit YEARS                Download only videos suitable for the given
--download-archive FILE          Download only videos not listed in the
                                 archive file. Record the IDs of all
                                 downloaded videos in it.
--include-ads                    Download advertisements as well

Download Options:

-r, --limit-rate RATE            Maximum download rate in bytes per second
                                 (e.g. 50K or 4.2M)
-R, --retries RETRIES            Number of retries (default is 10), or
--fragment-retries RETRIES       Number of retries for a fragment (default
                                 is 10), or "infinite" (DASH, hlsnative and
--skip-unavailable-fragments     Skip unavailable fragments (DASH, hlsnative
                                 and ISM)
--abort-on-unavailable-fragment  Abort downloading when some fragment is not
--keep-fragments                 Keep downloaded fragments on disk after
                                 downloading is finished; fragments are
                                 erased by default
--buffer-size SIZE               Size of download buffer (e.g. 1024 or 16K)
                                 (default is 1024)
--no-resize-buffer               Do not automatically adjust the buffer
                                 size. By default, the buffer size is
                                 automatically resized from an initial value
                                 of SIZE.
--http-chunk-size SIZE           Size of a chunk for chunk-based HTTP
                                 downloading (e.g. 10485760 or 10M) (default
                                 is disabled). May be useful for bypassing
                                 bandwidth throttling imposed by a webserver
--playlist-reverse               Download playlist videos in reverse order
--playlist-random                Download playlist videos in random order
--xattr-set-filesize             Set file xattribute ytdl.filesize with
                                 expected file size
--hls-prefer-native              Use the native HLS downloader instead of
--hls-prefer-ffmpeg              Use ffmpeg instead of the native HLS
--hls-use-mpegts                 Use the mpegts container for HLS videos,
                                 allowing to play the video while
                                 downloading (some players may not be able
                                 to play it)
--external-downloader COMMAND    Use the specified external downloader.
                                 Currently supports
--external-downloader-args ARGS  Give these arguments to the external

Filesystem Options:

-a, --batch-file FILE            File containing URLs to download ('-' for
                                 stdin), one URL per line. Lines starting
                                 with '#', ';' or ']' are considered as
                                 comments and ignored.
--id                             Use only video ID in file name
-o, --output TEMPLATE            Output filename template, see the "OUTPUT
                                 TEMPLATE" for all the info
--autonumber-start NUMBER        Specify the start value for %(autonumber)s
                                 (default is 1)
--restrict-filenames             Restrict filenames to only ASCII
                                 characters, and avoid "&" and spaces in
-w, --no-overwrites              Do not overwrite files
-c, --continue                   Force resume of partially downloaded files.
                                 By default, youtube-dl will resume
                                 downloads if possible.
--no-continue                    Do not resume partially downloaded files
                                 (restart from beginning)
--no-part                        Do not use .part files - write directly
                                 into output file
--no-mtime                       Do not use the Last-modified header to set
                                 the file modification time
--write-description              Write video description to a .description
--write-info-json                Write video metadata to a .info.json file
--write-annotations              Write video annotations to a
                                 .annotations.xml file
--load-info-json FILE            JSON file containing the video information
                                 (created with the "--write-info-json"
--cookies FILE                   File to read cookies from and dump cookie
                                 jar in
--cache-dir DIR                  Location in the filesystem where youtube-dl
                                 can store some downloaded information
                                 permanently. By default
                                 $XDG_CACHE_HOME/youtube-dl or
                                 ~/.cache/youtube-dl . At the moment, only
                                 YouTube player files (for videos with
                                 obfuscated signatures) are cached, but that
                                 may change.
--no-cache-dir                   Disable filesystem caching
--rm-cache-dir                   Delete all filesystem cache files

Thumbnail images:

--write-thumbnail                Write thumbnail image to disk
--write-all-thumbnails           Write all thumbnail image formats to disk
--list-thumbnails                Simulate and list all available thumbnail

Verbosity / Simulation Options:

-q, --quiet                      Activate quiet mode
--no-warnings                    Ignore warnings
-s, --simulate                   Do not download the video and do not write
                                 anything to disk
--skip-download                  Do not download the video
-g, --get-url                    Simulate, quiet but print URL
-e, --get-title                  Simulate, quiet but print title
--get-id                         Simulate, quiet but print id
--get-thumbnail                  Simulate, quiet but print thumbnail URL
--get-description                Simulate, quiet but print video description
--get-duration                   Simulate, quiet but print video length
--get-filename                   Simulate, quiet but print output filename
--get-format                     Simulate, quiet but print output format
-j, --dump-json                  Simulate, quiet but print JSON information.
                                 See the "OUTPUT TEMPLATE" for a description
                                 of available keys.
-J, --dump-single-json           Simulate, quiet but print JSON information
                                 for each command-line argument. If the URL
                                 refers to a playlist, dump the whole
                                 playlist information in a single line.
--print-json                     Be quiet and print the video information as
                                 JSON (video is still being downloaded).
--newline                        Output progress bar as new lines
--no-progress                    Do not print progress bar
--console-title                  Display progress in console titlebar
-v, --verbose                    Print various debugging information
--dump-pages                     Print downloaded pages encoded using base64
                                 to debug problems (very verbose)
--write-pages                    Write downloaded intermediary pages to
                                 files in the current directory to debug
--print-traffic                  Display sent and read HTTP traffic
-C, --call-home                  Contact the youtube-dl server for debugging
--no-call-home                   Do NOT contact the youtube-dl server for


--encoding ENCODING              Force the specified encoding (experimental)
--no-check-certificate           Suppress HTTPS certificate validation
--prefer-insecure                Use an unencrypted connection to retrieve
                                 information about the video. (Currently
                                 supported only for YouTube)
--user-agent UA                  Specify a custom user agent
--referer URL                    Specify a custom referer, use if the video
                                 access is restricted to one domain
--add-header FIELD:VALUE         Specify a custom HTTP header and its value,
                                 separated by a colon ':'. You can use this
                                 option multiple times
--bidi-workaround                Work around terminals that lack
                                 bidirectional text support. Requires bidiv
                                 or fribidi executable in PATH
--sleep-interval SECONDS         Number of seconds to sleep before each
                                 download when used alone or a lower bound
                                 of a range for randomized sleep before each
                                 download (minimum possible number of
                                 seconds to sleep) when used along with
--max-sleep-interval SECONDS     Upper bound of a range for randomized sleep
                                 before each download (maximum possible
                                 number of seconds to sleep). Must only be
                                 used along with --min-sleep-interval.

Video Format Options:

-f, --format FORMAT              Video format code, see the "FORMAT
                                 SELECTION" for all the info
--all-formats                    Download all available video formats
--prefer-free-formats            Prefer free video formats unless a specific
                                 one is requested
-F, --list-formats               List all available formats of requested
--youtube-skip-dash-manifest     Do not download the DASH manifests and
                                 related data on YouTube videos
--merge-output-format FORMAT     If a merge is required (e.g.
                                 bestvideo+bestaudio), output to given
                                 container format. One of mkv, mp4, ogg,
                                 webm, flv. Ignored if no merge is required

Subtitle Options:

--write-sub                      Write subtitle file
--write-auto-sub                 Write automatically generated subtitle file
                                 (YouTube only)
--all-subs                       Download all the available subtitles of the
--list-subs                      List all available subtitles for the video
--sub-format FORMAT              Subtitle format, accepts formats
                                 preference, for example: "srt" or
--sub-lang LANGS                 Languages of the subtitles to download
                                 (optional) separated by commas, use --list-
                                 subs for available language tags

Authentication Options:

-u, --username USERNAME          Login with this account ID
-p, --password PASSWORD          Account password. If this option is left
                                 out, youtube-dl will ask interactively.
-2, --twofactor TWOFACTOR        Two-factor authentication code
-n, --netrc                      Use .netrc authentication data
--video-password PASSWORD        Video password (vimeo, smotri, youku)

Adobe Pass Options:

--ap-mso MSO                     Adobe Pass multiple-system operator (TV
                                 provider) identifier, use --ap-list-mso for
                                 a list of available MSOs
--ap-username USERNAME           Multiple-system operator account login
--ap-password PASSWORD           Multiple-system operator account password.
                                 If this option is left out, youtube-dl will
                                 ask interactively.
--ap-list-mso                    List all supported multiple-system

Post-processing Options:

-x, --extract-audio              Convert video files to audio-only files
                                 (requires ffmpeg or avconv and ffprobe or
--audio-format FORMAT            Specify audio format: "best", "aac",
                                 "flac", "mp3", "m4a", "opus", "vorbis", or
                                 "wav"; "best" by default; No effect without
--audio-quality QUALITY          Specify ffmpeg/avconv audio quality, insert
                                 a value between 0 (better) and 9 (worse)
                                 for VBR or a specific bitrate like 128K
                                 (default 5)
--recode-video FORMAT            Encode the video to another format if
                                 necessary (currently supported:
--postprocessor-args ARGS        Give these arguments to the postprocessor
-k, --keep-video                 Keep the video file on disk after the post-
                                 processing; the video is erased by default
--no-post-overwrites             Do not overwrite post-processed files; the
                                 post-processed files are overwritten by
--embed-subs                     Embed subtitles in the video (only for mp4,
                                 webm and mkv videos)
--embed-thumbnail                Embed thumbnail in the audio as cover art
--add-metadata                   Write metadata to the video file
--metadata-from-title FORMAT     Parse additional metadata like song title /
                                 artist from the video title. The format
                                 syntax is the same as --output. Regular
                                 expression with named capture groups may
                                 also be used. The parsed parameters replace
                                 existing values. Example: --metadata-from-
                                 title "%(artist)s - %(title)s" matches a
                                 title like "Coldplay - Paradise". Example
                                 (regex): --metadata-from-title
                                 "(?P<artist>.+?) - (?P<title>.+)"
--xattrs                         Write metadata to the video file's xattrs
                                 (using dublin core and xdg standards)
--fixup POLICY                   Automatically correct known faults of the
                                 file. One of never (do nothing), warn (only
                                 emit a warning), detect_or_warn (the
                                 default; fix file if we can, warn
--prefer-avconv                  Prefer avconv over ffmpeg for running the
--prefer-ffmpeg                  Prefer ffmpeg over avconv for running the
                                 postprocessors (default)
--ffmpeg-location PATH           Location of the ffmpeg/avconv binary;
                                 either the path to the binary or its
                                 containing directory.
--exec CMD                       Execute a command on the file after
                                 downloading and post-processing, similar to
                                 find's -exec syntax. Example: --exec 'adb
                                 push {} /sdcard/Music/ && rm {}'
--convert-subs FORMAT            Convert the subtitles to other format
                                 (currently supported: srt|ass|vtt|lrc)


You can configure youtube-dl by placing any supported command line option to a configuration file. On Linux and macOS, the system wide configuration file is located at /etc/youtube-dl.conf and the user wide configuration file at ~/.config/youtube-dl/config. On Windows, the user wide configuration file locations are %APPDATA%\youtube-dl\config.txt or C:\Users\<user name>\youtube-dl.conf. Note that by default configuration file may not exist so you may need to create it yourself.

For example, with the following configuration file youtube-dl will always extract the audio, not copy the mtime, use a proxy and save all videos under Movies directory in your home directory:

# Lines starting with # are comments

# Always extract audio

# Do not copy the mtime

# Use this proxy

# Save all videos under Movies directory in your home directory
-o ~/Movies/%(title)s.%(ext)s

Note that options in configuration file are just the same options aka switches used in regular command line calls thus there must be no whitespace after - or --, e.g. -o or --proxy but not - o or -- proxy.

You can use --ignore-config if you want to disable the configuration file for a particular youtube-dl run.

You can also use --config-location if you want to use custom configuration file for a particular youtube-dl run.

Authentication with .netrc file

You may also want to configure automatic credentials storage for extractors that support authentication (by providing login and password with --username and --password) in order not to pass credentials as command line arguments on every youtube-dl execution and prevent tracking plain text passwords in the shell command history. You can achieve this using a .netrc file on a per extractor basis. For that you will need to create a .netrc file in your $HOME and restrict permissions to read/write by only you:

touch $HOME/.netrc
chmod a-rwx,u+rw $HOME/.netrc

After that you can add credentials for an extractor in the following format, where extractor is the name of the extractor in lowercase:

machine <extractor> login <login> password <password>

For example:

machine youtube login myaccount@gmail.com password my_youtube_password
machine twitch login my_twitch_account_name password my_twitch_password

To activate authentication with the .netrc file you should pass --netrc to youtube-dl or place it in the configuration file.

On Windows you may also need to setup the %HOME% environment variable manually. For example:



The -o option allows users to indicate a template for the output file names.

tl;dr: navigate me to examples.

The basic usage is not to set any template arguments when downloading a single file, like in youtube-dl -o funny_video.flv "https://some/video". However, it may contain special sequences that will be replaced when downloading each video. The special sequences may be formatted according to python string formatting operations. For example, %(NAME)s or %(NAME)05d. To clarify, that is a percent symbol followed by a name in parentheses, followed by formatting operations. Allowed names along with sequence type are:

  • id (string): Video identifier
  • title (string): Video title
  • url (string): Video URL
  • ext (string): Video filename extension
  • alt_title (string): A secondary title of the video
  • display_id (string): An alternative identifier for the video
  • uploader (string): Full name of the video uploader
  • license (string): License name the video is licensed under
  • creator (string): The creator of the video
  • release_date (string): The date (YYYYMMDD) when the video was released
  • timestamp (numeric): UNIX timestamp of the moment the video became available
  • upload_date (string): Video upload date (YYYYMMDD)
  • uploader_id (string): Nickname or id of the video uploader
  • channel (string): Full name of the channel the video is uploaded on
  • channel_id (string): Id of the channel
  • location (string): Physical location where the video was filmed
  • duration (numeric): Length of the video in seconds
  • view_count (numeric): How many users have watched the video on the platform
  • like_count (numeric): Number of positive ratings of the video
  • dislike_count (numeric): Number of negative ratings of the video
  • repost_count (numeric): Number of reposts of the video
  • average_rating (numeric): Average rating give by users, the scale used depends on the webpage
  • comment_count (numeric): Number of comments on the video
  • age_limit (numeric): Age restriction for the video (years)
  • is_live (boolean): Whether this video is a live stream or a fixed-length video
  • start_time (numeric): Time in seconds where the reproduction should start, as specified in the URL
  • end_time (numeric): Time in seconds where the reproduction should end, as specified in the URL
  • format (string): A human-readable description of the format
  • format_id (string): Format code specified by --format
  • format_note (string): Additional info about the format
  • width (numeric): Width of the video
  • height (numeric): Height of the video
  • resolution (string): Textual description of width and height
  • tbr (numeric): Average bitrate of audio and video in KBit/s
  • abr (numeric): Average audio bitrate in KBit/s
  • acodec (string): Name of the audio codec in use
  • asr (numeric): Audio sampling rate in Hertz
  • vbr (numeric): Average video bitrate in KBit/s
  • fps (numeric): Frame rate
  • vcodec (string): Name of the video codec in use
  • container (string): Name of the container format
  • filesize (numeric): The number of bytes, if known in advance
  • filesize_approx (numeric): An estimate for the number of bytes
  • protocol (string): The protocol that will be used for the actual download
  • extractor (string): Name of the extractor
  • extractor_key (string): Key name of the extractor
  • epoch (numeric): Unix epoch when creating the file
  • autonumber (numeric): Five-digit number that will be increased with each download, starting at zero
  • playlist (string): Name or id of the playlist that contains the video
  • playlist_index (numeric): Index of the video in the playlist padded with leading zeros according to the total length of the playlist
  • playlist_id (string): Playlist identifier
  • playlist_title (string): Playlist title
  • playlist_uploader (string): Full name of the playlist uploader
  • playlist_uploader_id (string): Nickname or id of the playlist uploader

Available for the video that belongs to some logical chapter or section:

  • chapter (string): Name or title of the chapter the video belongs to
  • chapter_number (numeric): Number of the chapter the video belongs to
  • chapter_id (string): Id of the chapter the video belongs to

Available for the video that is an episode of some series or programme:

  • series (string): Title of the series or programme the video episode belongs to
  • season (string): Title of the season the video episode belongs to
  • season_number (numeric): Number of the season the video episode belongs to
  • season_id (string): Id of the season the video episode belongs to
  • episode (string): Title of the video episode
  • episode_number (numeric): Number of the video episode within a season
  • episode_id (string): Id of the video episode

Available for the media that is a track or a part of a music album:

  • track (string): Title of the track
  • track_number (numeric): Number of the track within an album or a disc
  • track_id (string): Id of the track
  • artist (string): Artist(s) of the track
  • genre (string): Genre(s) of the track
  • album (string): Title of the album the track belongs to
  • album_type (string): Type of the album
  • album_artist (string): List of all artists appeared on the album
  • disc_number (numeric): Number of the disc or other physical medium the track belongs to
  • release_year (numeric): Year (YYYY) when the album was released

Each aforementioned sequence when referenced in an output template will be replaced by the actual value corresponding to the sequence name. Note that some of the sequences are not guaranteed to be present since they depend on the metadata obtained by a particular extractor. Such sequences will be replaced with NA.

For example for -o %(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s and an mp4 video with title youtube-dl test video and id BaW_jenozKcj, this will result in a youtube-dl test video-BaW_jenozKcj.mp4 file created in the current directory.

For numeric sequences you can use numeric related formatting, for example, %(view_count)05d will result in a string with view count padded with zeros up to 5 characters, like in 00042.

Output templates can also contain arbitrary hierarchical path, e.g. -o '%(playlist)s/%(playlist_index)s - %(title)s.%(ext)s' which will result in downloading each video in a directory corresponding to this path template. Any missing directory will be automatically created for you.

To use percent literals in an output template use %%. To output to stdout use -o -.

The current default template is %(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s.

In some cases, you don't want special characters such as , spaces, or &, such as when transferring the downloaded filename to a Windows system or the filename through an 8bit-unsafe channel. In these cases, add the --restrict-filenames flag to get a shorter title:

Output template and Windows batch files

If you are using an output template inside a Windows batch file then you must escape plain percent characters (%) by doubling, so that -o "%(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s" should become -o "%%(title)s-%%(id)s.%%(ext)s". However you should not touch %'s that are not plain characters, e.g. environment variables for expansion should stay intact: -o "C:\%HOMEPATH%\Desktop\%%(title)s.%%(ext)s".

Output template examples

Note that on Windows you may need to use double quotes instead of single.

$ youtube-dl --get-filename -o '%(title)s.%(ext)s' BaW_jenozKc
youtube-dl test video ''_.mp4    # All kinds of weird characters

$ youtube-dl --get-filename -o '%(title)s.%(ext)s' BaW_jenozKc --restrict-filenames
youtube-dl_test_video_.mp4          # A simple file name

# Download YouTube playlist videos in separate directory indexed by video order in a playlist
$ youtube-dl -o '%(playlist)s/%(playlist_index)s - %(title)s.%(ext)s' https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwiyx1dc3P2JR9N8gQaQN_BCvlSlap7re

# Download all playlists of YouTube channel/user keeping each playlist in separate directory:
$ youtube-dl -o '%(uploader)s/%(playlist)s/%(playlist_index)s - %(title)s.%(ext)s' https://www.youtube.com/user/TheLinuxFoundation/playlists

# Download Udemy course keeping each chapter in separate directory under MyVideos directory in your home
$ youtube-dl -u user -p password -o '~/MyVideos/%(playlist)s/%(chapter_number)s - %(chapter)s/%(title)s.%(ext)s' https://www.udemy.com/java-tutorial/

# Download entire series season keeping each series and each season in separate directory under C:/MyVideos
$ youtube-dl -o "C:/MyVideos/%(series)s/%(season_number)s - %(season)s/%(episode_number)s - %(episode)s.%(ext)s" https://videomore.ru/kino_v_detalayah/5_sezon/367617

# Stream the video being downloaded to stdout
$ youtube-dl -o - BaW_jenozKc


By default youtube-dl tries to download the best available quality, i.e. if you want the best quality you don't need to pass any special options, youtube-dl will guess it for you by default.

But sometimes you may want to download in a different format, for example when you are on a slow or intermittent connection. The key mechanism for achieving this is so-called format selection based on which you can explicitly specify desired format, select formats based on some criterion or criteria, setup precedence and much more.

The general syntax for format selection is --format FORMAT or shorter -f FORMAT where FORMAT is a selector expression, i.e. an expression that describes format or formats you would like to download.

tl;dr: navigate me to examples.

The simplest case is requesting a specific format, for example with -f 22 you can download the format with format code equal to 22. You can get the list of available format codes for particular video using --list-formats or -F. Note that these format codes are extractor specific.

You can also use a file extension (currently 3gp, aac, flv, m4a, mp3, mp4, ogg, wav, webm are supported) to download the best quality format of a particular file extension served as a single file, e.g. -f webm will download the best quality format with the webm extension served as a single file.

You can also use special names to select particular edge case formats:

  • best: Select the best quality format represented by a single file with video and audio.
  • worst: Select the worst quality format represented by a single file with video and audio.
  • bestvideo: Select the best quality video-only format (e.g. DASH video). May not be available.
  • worstvideo: Select the worst quality video-only format. May not be available.
  • bestaudio: Select the best quality audio only-format. May not be available.
  • worstaudio: Select the worst quality audio only-format. May not be available.

For example, to download the worst quality video-only format you can use -f worstvideo.

If you want to download multiple videos and they don't have the same formats available, you can specify the order of preference using slashes. Note that slash is left-associative, i.e. formats on the left hand side are preferred, for example -f 22/17/18 will download format 22 if it's available, otherwise it will download format 17 if it's available, otherwise it will download format 18 if it's available, otherwise it will complain that no suitable formats are available for download.

If you want to download several formats of the same video use a comma as a separator, e.g. -f 22,17,18 will download all these three formats, of course if they are available. Or a more sophisticated example combined with the precedence feature: -f 136/137/mp4/bestvideo,140/m4a/bestaudio.

You can also filter the video formats by putting a condition in brackets, as in -f "best[height=720]" (or -f "[filesize>10M]").

The following numeric meta fields can be used with comparisons <, <=, >, >=, = (equals), != (not equals):

  • filesize: The number of bytes, if known in advance
  • width: Width of the video, if known
  • height: Height of the video, if known
  • tbr: Average bitrate of audio and video in KBit/s
  • abr: Average audio bitrate in KBit/s
  • vbr: Average video bitrate in KBit/s
  • asr: Audio sampling rate in Hertz
  • fps: Frame rate

Also filtering work for comparisons = (equals), ^= (starts with), $= (ends with), *= (contains) and following string meta fields:

  • ext: File extension
  • acodec: Name of the audio codec in use
  • vcodec: Name of the video codec in use
  • container: Name of the container format
  • protocol: The protocol that will be used for the actual download, lower-case (http, https, rtsp, rtmp, rtmpe, mms, f4m, ism, http_dash_segments, m3u8, or m3u8_native)
  • format_id: A short description of the format

Any string comparison may be prefixed with negation ! in order to produce an opposite comparison, e.g. !*= (does not contain).

Note that none of the aforementioned meta fields are guaranteed to be present since this solely depends on the metadata obtained by particular extractor, i.e. the metadata offered by the video hoster.

Formats for which the value is not known are excluded unless you put a question mark (?) after the operator. You can combine format filters, so -f "[height <=? 720][tbr>500]" selects up to 720p videos (or videos where the height is not known) with a bitrate of at least 500 KBit/s.

You can merge the video and audio of two formats into a single file using -f <video-format>+<audio-format> (requires ffmpeg or avconv installed), for example -f bestvideo+bestaudio will download the best video-only format, the best audio-only format and mux them together with ffmpeg/avconv.

Format selectors can also be grouped using parentheses, for example if you want to download the best mp4 and webm formats with a height lower than 480 you can use -f '(mp4,webm)[height<480]'.

Since the end of April 2015 and version 2015.04.26, youtube-dl uses -f bestvideo+bestaudio/best as the default format selection (see #5447, #5456). If ffmpeg or avconv are installed this results in downloading bestvideo and bestaudio separately and muxing them together into a single file giving the best overall quality available. Otherwise it falls back to best and results in downloading the best available quality served as a single file. best is also needed for videos that don't come from YouTube because they don't provide the audio and video in two different files. If you want to only download some DASH formats (for example if you are not interested in getting videos with a resolution higher than 1080p), you can add -f bestvideo[height<=?1080]+bestaudio/best to your configuration file. Note that if you use youtube-dl to stream to stdout (and most likely to pipe it to your media player then), i.e. you explicitly specify output template as -o -, youtube-dl still uses -f best format selection in order to start content delivery immediately to your player and not to wait until bestvideo and bestaudio are downloaded and muxed.

If you want to preserve the old format selection behavior (prior to youtube-dl 2015.04.26), i.e. you want to download the best available quality media served as a single file, you should explicitly specify your choice with -f best. You may want to add it to the configuration file in order not to type it every time you run youtube-dl.

Format selection examples

Note that on Windows you may need to use double quotes instead of single.

# Download best mp4 format available or any other best if no mp4 available
$ youtube-dl -f 'bestvideo[ext=mp4]+bestaudio[ext=m4a]/best[ext=mp4]/best'

# Download best format available but no better than 480p
$ youtube-dl -f 'bestvideo[height<=480]+bestaudio/best[height<=480]'

# Download best video only format but no bigger than 50 MB
$ youtube-dl -f 'best[filesize<50M]'

# Download best format available via direct link over HTTP/HTTPS protocol
$ youtube-dl -f '(bestvideo+bestaudio/best)[protocol^=http]'

# Download the best video format and the best audio format without merging them
$ youtube-dl -f 'bestvideo,bestaudio' -o '%(title)s.f%(format_id)s.%(ext)s'

Note that in the last example, an output template is recommended as bestvideo and bestaudio may have the same file name.


Videos can be filtered by their upload date using the options --date, --datebefore or --dateafter. They accept dates in two formats:

  • Absolute dates: Dates in the format YYYYMMDD.
  • Relative dates: Dates in the format (now|today)[+-][0-9](day|week|month|year)(s)?


# Download only the videos uploaded in the last 6 months
$ youtube-dl --dateafter now-6months

# Download only the videos uploaded on January 1, 1970
$ youtube-dl --date 19700101

$ # Download only the videos uploaded in the 200x decade
$ youtube-dl --dateafter 20000101 --datebefore 20091231


How do I update youtube-dl?

If you've followed our manual installation instructions, you can simply run youtube-dl -U (or, on Linux, sudo youtube-dl -U).

If you have used pip, a simple sudo pip install -U youtube-dl is sufficient to update.

If you have installed youtube-dl using a package manager like apt-get or yum, use the standard system update mechanism to update. Note that distribution packages are often outdated. As a rule of thumb, youtube-dl releases at least once a month, and often weekly or even daily. Simply go to https://yt-dl.org to find out the current version. Unfortunately, there is nothing we youtube-dl developers can do if your distribution serves a really outdated version. You can (and should) complain to your distribution in their bugtracker or support forum.

As a last resort, you can also uninstall the version installed by your package manager and follow our manual installation instructions. For that, remove the distribution's package, with a line like

sudo apt-get remove -y youtube-dl

Afterwards, simply follow our manual installation instructions:

sudo wget https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -O /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
hash -r

Again, from then on you'll be able to update with sudo youtube-dl -U.

youtube-dl is extremely slow to start on Windows

Add a file exclusion for youtube-dl.exe in Windows Defender settings.

I'm getting an error Unable to extract OpenGraph title on YouTube playlists

YouTube changed their playlist format in March 2014 and later on, so you'll need at least youtube-dl 2014.07.25 to download all YouTube videos.

If you have installed youtube-dl with a package manager, pip, setup.py or a tarball, please use that to update. Note that Ubuntu packages do not seem to get updated anymore. Since we are not affiliated with Ubuntu, there is little we can do. Feel free to report bugs to the Ubuntu packaging people - all they have to do is update the package to a somewhat recent version. See above for a way to update.

I'm getting an error when trying to use output template: error: using output template conflicts with using title, video ID or auto number

Make sure you are not using -o with any of these options -t, --title, --id, -A or --auto-number set in command line or in a configuration file. Remove the latter if any.

Do I always have to pass -citw?

By default, youtube-dl intends to have the best options (incidentally, if you have a convincing case that these should be different, please file an issue where you explain that). Therefore, it is unnecessary and sometimes harmful to copy long option strings from webpages. In particular, the only option out of -citw that is regularly useful is -i.

Can you please put the -b option back?

Most people asking this question are not aware that youtube-dl now defaults to downloading the highest available quality as reported by YouTube, which will be 1080p or 720p in some cases, so you no longer need the -b option. For some specific videos, maybe YouTube does not report them to be available in a specific high quality format you're interested in. In that case, simply request it with the -f option and youtube-dl will try to download it.

I get HTTP error 402 when trying to download a video. What's this?

Apparently YouTube requires you to pass a CAPTCHA test if you download too much. We're considering to provide a way to let you solve the CAPTCHA, but at the moment, your best course of action is pointing a web browser to the youtube URL, solving the CAPTCHA, and restart youtube-dl.

Do I need any other programs?

youtube-dl works fine on its own on most sites. However, if you want to convert video/audio, you'll need avconv or ffmpeg. On some sites - most notably YouTube - videos can be retrieved in a higher quality format without sound. youtube-dl will detect whether avconv/ffmpeg is present and automatically pick the best option.

Videos or video formats streamed via RTMP protocol can only be downloaded when rtmpdump is installed. Downloading MMS and RTSP videos requires either mplayer or mpv to be installed.

I have downloaded a video but how can I play it?

Once the video is fully downloaded, use any video player, such as mpv, vlc or mplayer.

I extracted a video URL with -g, but it does not play on another machine / in my web browser.

It depends a lot on the service. In many cases, requests for the video (to download/play it) must come from the same IP address and with the same cookies and/or HTTP headers. Use the --cookies option to write the required cookies into a file, and advise your downloader to read cookies from that file. Some sites also require a common user agent to be used, use --dump-user-agent to see the one in use by youtube-dl. You can also get necessary cookies and HTTP headers from JSON output obtained with --dump-json.

It may be beneficial to use IPv6; in some cases, the restrictions are only applied to IPv4. Some services (sometimes only for a subset of videos) do not restrict the video URL by IP address, cookie, or user-agent, but these are the exception rather than the rule.

Please bear in mind that some URL protocols are not supported by browsers out of the box, including RTMP. If you are using -g, your own downloader must support these as well.

If you want to play the video on a machine that is not running youtube-dl, you can relay the video content from the machine that runs youtube-dl. You can use -o - to let youtube-dl stream a video to stdout, or simply allow the player to download the files written by youtube-dl in turn.

ERROR: no fmt_url_map or conn information found in video info

YouTube has switched to a new video info format in July 2011 which is not supported by old versions of youtube-dl. See above for how to update youtube-dl.

ERROR: unable to download video

YouTube requires an additional signature since September 2012 which is not supported by old versions of youtube-dl. See above for how to update youtube-dl.

Video URL contains an ampersand and I'm getting some strange output [1] 2839 or 'v' is not recognized as an internal or external command

That's actually the output from your shell. Since ampersand is one of the special shell characters it's interpreted by the shell preventing you from passing the whole URL to youtube-dl. To disable your shell from interpreting the ampersands (or any other special characters) you have to either put the whole URL in quotes or escape them with a backslash (which approach will work depends on your shell).

For example if your URL is https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=4&v=BaW_jenozKc you should end up with following command:

youtube-dl 'https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=4&v=BaW_jenozKc'


youtube-dl https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=4\&v=BaW_jenozKc

For Windows you have to use the double quotes:

youtube-dl "https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=4&v=BaW_jenozKc"

ExtractorError: Could not find JS function u'OF'

In February 2015, the new YouTube player contained a character sequence in a string that was misinterpreted by old versions of youtube-dl. See above for how to update youtube-dl.

HTTP Error 429: Too Many Requests or 402: Payment Required

These two error codes indicate that the service is blocking your IP address because of overuse. Usually this is a soft block meaning that you can gain access again after solving CAPTCHA. Just open a browser and solve a CAPTCHA the service suggests you and after that pass cookies to youtube-dl. Note that if your machine has multiple external IPs then you should also pass exactly the same IP you've used for solving CAPTCHA with --source-address. Also you may need to pass a User-Agent HTTP header of your browser with --user-agent.

If this is not the case (no CAPTCHA suggested to solve by the service) then you can contact the service and ask them to unblock your IP address, or - if you have acquired a whitelisted IP address already - use the --proxy or --source-address options to select another IP address.

SyntaxError: Non-ASCII character

The error

File "youtube-dl", line 2
SyntaxError: Non-ASCII character '\x93' ...

means you're using an outdated version of Python. Please update to Python 2.6 or 2.7.

What is this binary file? Where has the code gone?

Since June 2012 (#342) youtube-dl is packed as an executable zipfile, simply unzip it (might need renaming to youtube-dl.zip first on some systems) or clone the git repository, as laid out above. If you modify the code, you can run it by executing the __main__.py file. To recompile the executable, run make youtube-dl.

The exe throws an error due to missing MSVCR100.dll

To run the exe you need to install first the Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable Package (x86).

On Windows, how should I set up ffmpeg and youtube-dl? Where should I put the exe files?

If you put youtube-dl and ffmpeg in the same directory that you're running the command from, it will work, but that's rather cumbersome.

To make a different directory work - either for ffmpeg, or for youtube-dl, or for both - simply create the directory (say, C:\bin, or C:\Users\<User name>\bin), put all the executables directly in there, and then set your PATH environment variable to include that directory.

From then on, after restarting your shell, you will be able to access both youtube-dl and ffmpeg (and youtube-dl will be able to find ffmpeg) by simply typing youtube-dl or ffmpeg, no matter what directory you're in.

How do I put downloads into a specific folder?

Use the -o to specify an output template, for example -o "/home/user/videos/%(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s". If you want this for all of your downloads, put the option into your configuration file.

How do I download a video starting with a -?

Either prepend https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= or separate the ID from the options with --:

youtube-dl -- -wNyEUrxzFU
youtube-dl "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-wNyEUrxzFU"

How do I pass cookies to youtube-dl?

Use the --cookies option, for example --cookies /path/to/cookies/file.txt.

In order to extract cookies from browser use any conforming browser extension for exporting cookies. For example, cookies.txt (for Chrome) or cookies.txt (for Firefox).

Note that the cookies file must be in Mozilla/Netscape format and the first line of the cookies file must be either # HTTP Cookie File or # Netscape HTTP Cookie File. Make sure you have correct newline format in the cookies file and convert newlines if necessary to correspond with your OS, namely CRLF (\r\n) for Windows and LF (\n) for Unix and Unix-like systems (Linux, macOS, etc.). HTTP Error 400: Bad Request when using --cookies is a good sign of invalid newline format.

Passing cookies to youtube-dl is a good way to workaround login when a particular extractor does not implement it explicitly. Another use case is working around CAPTCHA some websites require you to solve in particular cases in order to get access (e.g. YouTube, CloudFlare).

How do I stream directly to media player?

You will first need to tell youtube-dl to stream media to stdout with -o -, and also tell your media player to read from stdin (it must be capable of this for streaming) and then pipe former to latter. For example, streaming to vlc can be achieved with:

youtube-dl -o - "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BaW_jenozKcj" | vlc -

How do I download only new videos from a playlist?

Use download-archive feature. With this feature you should initially download the complete playlist with --download-archive /path/to/download/archive/file.txt that will record identifiers of all the videos in a special file. Each subsequent run with the same --download-archive will download only new videos and skip all videos that have been downloaded before. Note that only successful downloads are recorded in the file.

For example, at first,

youtube-dl --download-archive archive.txt "https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwiyx1dc3P2JR9N8gQaQN_BCvlSlap7re"

will download the complete PLwiyx1dc3P2JR9N8gQaQN_BCvlSlap7re playlist and create a file archive.txt. Each subsequent run will only download new videos if any:

youtube-dl --download-archive archive.txt "https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwiyx1dc3P2JR9N8gQaQN_BCvlSlap7re"

Should I add --hls-prefer-native into my config?

When youtube-dl detects an HLS video, it can download it either with the built-in downloader or ffmpeg. Since many HLS streams are slightly invalid and ffmpeg/youtube-dl each handle some invalid cases better than the other, there is an option to switch the downloader if needed.

When youtube-dl knows that one particular downloader works better for a given website, that downloader will be picked. Otherwise, youtube-dl will pick the best downloader for general compatibility, which at the moment happens to be ffmpeg. This choice may change in future versions of youtube-dl, with improvements of the built-in downloader and/or ffmpeg.

In particular, the generic extractor (used when your website is not in the list of supported sites by youtube-dl cannot mandate one specific downloader.

If you put either --hls-prefer-native or --hls-prefer-ffmpeg into your configuration, a different subset of videos will fail to download correctly. Instead, it is much better to file an issue or a pull request which details why the native or the ffmpeg HLS downloader is a better choice for your use case.

Can you add support for this anime video site, or site which shows current movies for free?

As a matter of policy (as well as legality), youtube-dl does not include support for services that specialize in infringing copyright. As a rule of thumb, if you cannot easily find a video that the service is quite obviously allowed to distribute (i.e. that has been uploaded by the creator, the creator's distributor, or is published under a free license), the service is probably unfit for inclusion to youtube-dl.

A note on the service that they don't host the infringing content, but just link to those who do, is evidence that the service should not be included into youtube-dl. The same goes for any DMCA note when the whole front page of the service is filled with videos they are not allowed to distribute. A fair use note is equally unconvincing if the service shows copyright-protected videos in full without authorization.

Support requests for services that do purchase the rights to distribute their content are perfectly fine though. If in doubt, you can simply include a source that mentions the legitimate purchase of content.

How can I speed up work on my issue?

(Also known as: Help, my important issue not being solved!) The youtube-dl core developer team is quite small. While we do our best to solve as many issues as possible, sometimes that can take quite a while. To speed up your issue, here's what you can do:

First of all, please do report the issue at our issue tracker. That allows us to coordinate all efforts by users and developers, and serves as a unified point. Unfortunately, the youtube-dl project has grown too large to use personal email as an effective communication channel.

Please read the bug reporting instructions below. A lot of bugs lac

youtube-dl open issues Ask a question     (View All Issues)
  • almost 4 years you-dl error
  • almost 4 years Openload still down
  • almost 4 years Recursively resolve youtube live channels' name
  • almost 4 years Add support for Showtime Anytime
  • almost 4 years Unable to download orlandosentinel.com's embedded Flash brightcove videos.
  • almost 4 years please support NSFW site stream-mydirtyhobby.biz
  • almost 4 years Mashable support
  • almost 4 years 'generic information extractor' finds only first video
  • almost 4 years [Bloomberg] ERROR: Unable to extract id
  • almost 4 years [edge-apps.net] Site support request (used in ameracatv)
  • almost 4 years [svt] Add support for playlists
  • almost 4 years sucksex.com site support
  • almost 4 years Optional parse parameters
  • almost 4 years The Pluralsight video subtitles are missing the first phrase (cut off)
  • almost 4 years %(title)s for output filename is wrong
  • almost 4 years "--hls-use-mpegts --no-part" should create files with ".ts" extension
  • almost 4 years Some NBC playlists not supported
  • almost 4 years Vice videos can't be downloaded "The page doesn't contain a video"
  • almost 4 years Include the changelog for each version in the Releases posts
  • almost 4 years on RTS: "mp4-1201k video format URL is invalid, skipping"
  • almost 4 years no or wrong video for CBC Murdoch Mysteries or Nature of Things
  • almost 4 years Please add feature for video.yaplakal.com
  • almost 4 years Speed is limited when downloading from Bilibili
  • almost 4 years Some bandcamp links do not work with youtube-dl.
  • almost 4 years HTTP Error 500 for "Enviado Especial" at ATresPlayer.com
  • almost 4 years mva.microsoft.com gives 403 Forbidden for second link, first link downloaded fine
  • almost 4 years site-support in youtube-dl for ozee.com site- streaming video only in flash though.
  • almost 4 years Forbes video download (hosted on Brigthcove)
  • almost 4 years New ZDF-Mediathek broken
  • almost 4 years Stream to a media player and close it, --frag* files not deleted and re-used
youtube-dl open pull requests (View All Pulls)
  • Fixed dailymotion view_count parsing
  • [KUSI] Add new extractor
  • [uStudio] Add new extractor
  • added progress report for ffmpeg
  • fix netzkino extractor for subcategory urls
  • Detect path of youtube_dl module, fixes python ImportError when symlinked
  • [CNTV] Add new extractor
  • [rte:archives] Created extractor #8525
  • [extractor/common] fix dash formats sorting
  • [madmoizelle] Add new extractor
  • Add experimenta lazy loading of info extractors
  • [appletrailers] Workaround missing JSON (Closes #8422)
  • [arte:magazine] Add extractor
  • [dplay] add support for it.dplay.com and dplay.dk
  • Trim and collapse whitespace from filename
  • different method to handle multi part videos 2(fixes #6193)
  • Including feature to increase or decrease media (volume) audio level
  • [downloader/hls] Add support for AES-128 encrypted segments in hlsnative downloader
  • [videa] Add new extractor
  • tvp.pl extractor update
  • [viu] New extractor for viu.com
  • Customizable sort formats
  • [twitter] Fix thumbnail matching for Twitter.
  • [ESPNFC] Add new extractor
  • [common] fail only if the extractor didn't return formats
  • [Pornorama extractor] support site: http://www.pornorama.com/
  • [tvp] update extractor
  • [vimeo] support private videos in password-protected albums
  • Update README.md
  • [nieuwsblad] Add new extractor (Closes #7662)
  • [extractor/twitch] Added "Audio_Only" format
  • Add an ISSUE_TEMPLATE file
  • Detect file extensions of DASH formats from their codecs
  • Added support for TVN (http://player.pl/)
  • allows more possibilities for the match filter options
  • Including feature to increase or decrease media (volume) audio level
  • [postprocessor/ffmpeg] simplify media info extraction using ffprobe
  • Stop libav compatibility links from being considered as genuine.
  • [LCP] Add new extractor
  • [closertotruth] Add new extractor
  • [downloader/external] Add FFmpegFD(fixes #622)
  • [utils] imporove parse_duration to handle more formats
  • move mpd multisegement parsing into dash downloader
  • [xiami] new extractor for xiami.com
  • [generic] Add support for LiveLeak embeds
  • Update crunchyroll.py
  • Ora extractor fixes
  • Add support for website specific configuration
  • [extractor/common] add helper method to extract html5 media entries
  • [WDR] complete overhaul after relaunch of the site (also fixes #8562)
  • [extractor/common] improve m3u8 info extraction
  • introduce chapters field
  • [liveleak] Adds support for thumbnails and updates tests
  • [afreecatv] Add new extractor for afreecatv.com VODs
  • [Downloader] --hls-prefer-ffmpeg fix
  • [abcgo] Add new extractor
  • [downloader/f4m] Tolerate truncate segments when testing
  • [neteasemusic] Add album info
  • added --autonumber-start NUMBER as a command line option
  • [downloader/hls] Delegate extraction to ffmpeg when unsupported features detected
  • Flipagram add new extractor
  • wrzuta playlist extraction
  • [tele5] Add new extractor
  • [myspace] Added support for downloading all songs of an artist
  • [ffmpeg] Fix embedding subtitles (#9063)
  • SOCKS proxy support
  • Odatv
  • [wat] extract m3u8 formats instead of f4m formats(fixes #6678)
  • [downloader/external] pass external downloader args to FFmpegFD only if it's specified explicitly
  • Add pornstars to pornhub extractor
  • fix issue #9157
  • [la7] Update to fix the extractor to reflect the current reality
  • Fix language selection with Arte+7
  • [streamable] Add new extractor
  • [funimation] Extract more format info from site
  • add "--no-generic-extractor" flag
  • [HRTi] Implement extractor for Croatian Radiotelevision
  • [amc] Add extractor for amc.com
  • [bandcamp] raise ExtractorError when track not streamable
  • [err] Add new extractor
  • Add support for defining language preference order
  • [GoogleDrive] support downloading original video file
  • [EOnline] Add new extractor (Closes #6198)
  • [GodTV] Add new extractor (Closes #6299)
  • Always decode the Location header
  • [blick] Add new extractor (blick.ch is a swiss newspaper platform, wh…
  • [toutv] fix info extraction(#3859,#2082,#1792)
  • [iTunes] Add new extractor (Closes #2097)
  • [Pix11] add new extractor
  • [Vidio] Add new extractor (Closes #7195)
  • [Favour.me] Add new extractor (Closes #9435)
  • [MSN] add new extractor (Closes #8960)
  • [Flipagram] add new extractor
  • [LibraryOfCongress] Added new extractor (Closes #3188)
  • Added note about installing avconv for Mac users
  • [nick.de] add new extractor
  • [Vidbit] Add new extractor (Closes #9688)
  • "MiTele" May not have a title
  • Postprocessor dependencies
  • [appletrailers] Fix for newer JSON data sources (closes #8422, #8524, #9586)
  • Add metadata to extracted audio file too.
  • [heise] Support videos embedded in any article.
  • [WDR] add support for elefantenseite (closes #5731)
  • Output template now supports '0*d' zero padding
  • [Fusion] Add new extractor
  • [XTube] Fix extraction
  • improve m3u8 downloading using hls native downloader
  • Add -movflags empty_moov when downloading an MP4 file by FFmpegFD
  • [Flipagram] Add new extractor
  • [imgur] Updating album resolution endpoint
  • Added extractor for trailers on Comingsoon.it
  • [roosterteeth] Add new extractor
  • [voissa] Add new extractor
  • Optionally process sys and user config in embedded app
  • [aqstream] New extractor
  • [Oddshot] Add new extractor (Closes #9685)
  • Add ChangeLog
  • [BrainPOP] Add new extractor (Closes #10000)
  • [mp4upload] Add new extractor
  • [FranceInter] Extractor Update
  • Update sleep-interval to allow rand range in addition to int value #9930
  • String formatting operations in output template
  • Added option --max-sleep-interval to support random sleep between downloads. Fixes #9930
  • Nobelprize Add new extractor
  • [bilibili] Support episodes
  • [Sdarot] Add new extractor
  • [utils] Add support for DCSubtitle
  • metacafe extractor: deal with family filter
  • [Filmweb] Add extractor (closes #8773)
  • [douyutv] Use new api
  • Kanal2 Add new extractor
  • [polskieradio] Add support for downloading whole programmes.
  • Fragments interface generalization
  • [lrt] Make it behave better with audio-only links
  • Fix ninenow extractor.
  • [crunchyroll] Grab mobile API formats
  • [miaopai] Add new extractor
  • Provide MPD url and segment durations in JSON
  • [WDR] fixed extraction for wdrmaus.de
  • [Extractor Update] France Inter
  • [extractor] added info extractor for CBA (https://cba.fro.at)
  • [tv2hu] Add new extractor
  • [bilibili] Fix extraction
  • Add --playlist-index-offset [number] command line parameter
  • [Wenoo] Add new extractor (Closes #10087)
  • [netease] IPs outside mainland China may access via CDNs.
  • [universcience] Add new extractor
  • [test_download]: -m regexp to run matching tests
  • Print traceback when raising UnavailableVideoError
  • By default, new extractors should match hostnames case-insensitively, c.f. #10882
  • [FFmpegExtractAudioPP] info dict return audio filepath and ext instead of the video filepath if file already exists
  • Fix UnavailableVideoError when writing to pipes.
  • [yuvutu] Add new extractor
  • Various grammar corrections.
  • [Iqm2] new extractor for Accela/IQM2
  • [ruutu] Add support for Supla URLs
  • [Extractor] WIP New IE for Mitele
  • Rtl.lu extractor
  • [extractor] added info extractor for CBA (https://cba.fro.at)
  • [techtalks] Use get_element_by_class and rely on _match_id
  • [adobepass] Add Comcast
  • [Funk] New extractor
  • [Morningstar] Modernize
  • [Beatport] Update extractor name and tests
  • Improve regression detection with continous testing
  • [ondemandkorea] New extractor for ondemandkorea.com
  • [nick] add support for nick austria and nicknight
  • [vk] Use inline video page to extract info.
  • Add support for Naver sports and music
  • [pandatv] Add new extractor
  • [meipai] Add new extractor
  • [Aparat] Add Multiple Formats Support
  • [Antenna] Add new extractor
  • Add missing blank lines after class or function definition.
  • Add support for youtube embedded post in LiveLeak IE
  • Add option --configfile
  • Apply fixups to individual streams (fixes #10644/#9913)
  • [CanalU] Add new extractor
  • add Basic support for Smooth Streaming protocol(#8118)
  • [utils] add a base exception class and initialize exceptions properly
  • Add FFmpegSlice postprocessor
  • [cda] Fix and improve extraction
  • Fix Vevo titles with featured artists
  • Added video_id to multiple ExtractorError messages
  • [rai] changed the extractor for the new site and dismisison of the older one
  • [videa] Add new extractor
  • [xattr] Added more fields.
  • [openload] Fix extraction.
  • [adobepass] Allow new Comcast auto login message
  • [zdf] update for the completely new video portal launched Oct 28, see #11055
  • include video title next to video id when showing format list
  • Remove unreachable except block.
  • [jsinterp] Actual parsing
  • [utils] Fix js_to_json handling comments
  • richannel Add new extractor
  • Comcast_SSO another way how Comcast can autologin users
  • [radiocanada] Extractor Enhancements
  • DRYed bytes options parsing
  • [ruleporn] Add support for non Nuevo urls, add tests, strip title
  • Fixed Twitter Duration
  • [filmon] new extractor
  • [stolaf] new extractor
  • [mediasite] new extractor
  • RSS feed item title cannot be used in output format
  • [NRKTV] Added support for downloading series in their entirety.
  • [Xiami] Fix song name parsing
  • [totalwebcasting] Add new extractor
  • [gaskrank] Add new extractor
  • [twentymin] Fixed information extractor
  • [TVN24] Add new extractor
  • [BlogTalkRadio] Add new extractor (closes #10768)
  • [EllenTV] Improve
  • [srgssr] Add subtitle support for the srgssr play sites srf.ch, rsi.ch, rtr.ch, swissinfo.ch
  • [orf] Update OE1 extractor, merge with FM4.
  • Adjusted aria2 flags
  • [youtube:playlist] Fix 'this playlist doesn't exist/is private' error not working (#11604)
  • [Elib] Add new extractor
  • [Beam] Add new extractor
  • [zingmp3] Update for new player url
  • [UniversalMusicService] Added new Extractor
  • [biqle] Fix extraction.
  • [infoq] Add audio only format if available
  • [Antenna] Add new extractor
  • [StreamMe] Add new extractor
  • [README.md] Correct use of em-dashes
  • [Seeso] Add new extractor
  • Bandwidth throttling mitigation
  • [tistory] Add new extractor
  • [vrak.tv] Add new extractor
  • New extractor - Stuffyoushouldknow
  • Add extractor for NHL TV
  • New extractor for live.line.me
  • [Full30] Add new extractor
  • [ceskatelevize] Extend the extractor for ceskatelevize.cz
  • [bandcamp] fix thumbnail extraction
  • [Esquire] Add new extractor
  • [mediaset] Add new extractor
  • [crackle] update test case
  • add code from @glenn-slayden
  • [Rmc decouverte] Fix extractor
  • [vevo] fix playlist extractor, tweak authentication
  • Fix incorrect handling of cookiejars with '0' or empty 'expires'
  • [travis] use PhantomJS 2.0
  • [travis] switch to Trusty beta build
  • [YoutubeDL] write raw subtitle files
  • [piapro] initial support
  • [cbsinteractive] update extractor and test cases
  • [buzzfeed] fix extractor, update test cases
  • [abcnews] add embed links support
  • [vier] Support authentication
  • [Medialaan] Fix extraction
  • [BandcampWeekly] Add new extractor
  • [openload] rewrite extractor
  • [radiocloud.jp] Add new extractor
  • added support for decko.ceskatelevize.cz to CeskaTelevize IE
  • [PuhuTv] Add new extractor
  • [GameStar] Fix JSON control character error / fix comment_count
  • [novamov] fix for all included provider (WholeCloud, NowVideo, BitVid, CloudTime, AuroraVid)
  • Various CondeNast fixes
  • [Generic] Check iframes for known file extensions
  • npo:recents
  • [postprocessor/embedthumbnail] Continue if there is no thumbnail
  • [xhamster] fix author and like count regexps
  • Deezerfull
  • [wdr] add support for wdrmaus.de content pages as playlists
  • Add new extractor for palcomp3.com
  • [francetv] add support for www.ludo.fr as playlist
  • [dvtv] Parse adaptive formats as well
  • [meipai] decode url
  • [Beam:Vod] Add new extractor
  • [pear] Add new extractor
  • [Spiegel] Support embedded spiegel.tv links (fixes #13006)
  • [youtube]Add regionsAllowed field to response
  • [douyutv] add support for multiple room on single page
  • Paramountnetwork extractor #15418
  • [GameInformer] Fix brightcove_id regex.
  • Updated extractor for Vier to support Kijk Online.
  • replace HTTP by HTTPS in medialaan extractor
  • [Picarto] Add new extractor for recorded Picarto VODs
  • [ifeng] Add new extractor
  • [adobepass] Add support for Cablevision MSO (Optimum)
  • Mytaratata
  • [weeklybeats] Added new extractor
  • [rentv] Fix extractor
  • [viu:ott] Add support to download entire series with --yes-playlist
  • [openload] fix js evaluation (phantomjs version related?)
  • [Cartoon Network] 1080p support
  • [Tumblr] Add login support
  • [postprocessor/ffmpeg] Avoid outdated avconv
  • [hclips] Add new extractor
  • [BrightcoveNew] Fix: find videos embedded in xilinx.com site
  • [ccma] Fix pattern to support video collection URLs
  • [bilibili] Update payload
  • Allow entire file to match or first 10241 bytes
  • [la7] Add embedded urls, update tests
  • [vsports] Add new extractor
  • [Heise] Fixes #14961
  • [redditr] Fix extraction of i.redd.it animated GIFs
  • [daum] Fix clipID-based downloads
  • [FranceTV] add Zouzous and Ludo extrators
  • [atresplayer] Support to new Manifest object URL
  • [npo] Fix extraction for new zapp.nl URLs
  • [iprima] Fix iprima extraction, update/add test URLs
  • Retrieve Youtube storyboards (closes #9868)
  • [picarto] Add new extractor
  • [vtv] Add new extractor
  • [discovery] Extract the video access token when possible
  • Allow embedding thumbnail in MKV as attachment (fix #10359, fix #6046)
  • [bilibili] Fix extractor
  • [Vidello] added new extractor, fixes #14457
  • [Volat] Added extractor, fixes #15041
  • [bfmbusiness] Add new extractor
  • [ARDMediathek] Added a new test case that is still available
  • Adding support for KijkOnline on Vier and Vijf in existing extractor.
  • --metadata option, allows the user to specify key/value pairs for encoding metadata
  • [bilibili] do not force quality and format, fix #15588
  • [ian] adding new extractor, fixing #15574
  • [twitch] remove rechat.twitch.tv as a subtitle source
  • [TastyTrade] Fix old test, handle alt urls
  • [svt] Add support for TV channel live streams (Closes #15279)
  • [Makefile] Add option to compile to bytecode when building youtube-dl
  • [extractor/generic] Support relative URIs in _parse_xspf
  • [heise] fix title extraction, modify test accordingly
  • CBS extractor download fix (Fixes Issue #13490)
  • Fix HBO extraction
  • [prosiebensat1] fix playlist extraction
  • Added support for smosh.com
  • Fix 'content_html' error
  • implement ThisVid extractor
  • [theweatherchannel] Fix regex and tests for extraction
  • [cspan] append 'Referer' header with the video URL
  • added VimeoSearchIE
  • Sorting Video Formats
  • [Mildom] Add new extractor
  • [xhamster] Yet another domain
  • [piapro] Add new extractor
  • [realvision] Add extractor for RealVision.
  • Tvp extractor fixes
  • Add subtitles support for mewatch
  • [tiktok] Support watermarkless tiktok videos
  • [vimeo] Allow for iframe embeds that don't quote src.
  • [ondemandkorea] fix jw_config regex extraction
  • [servus] Add new domain name
  • [pornhub] add support for .org site mirror
  • [Youtube] flat-playlist extractor correction for playlist results and added duration fetching for video results and playlist video count
  • [sexlikereal] Add new extractor
  • [porn91] Fixed title extraction
  • Listen to --default-extension for twitch downloads
  • Add extraction logic to mitele for videos not based in ooyala
  • [Veeps] add extractor
  • [rtlnl] updated regex to accommodate added 'programma' string in urls
  • [Xhamster] Updated regex to accommodate new video_id with letters
  • [ard.py] add playlist support (solves issue #22209)
  • Better extraction for nrk
  • [pinterest] Add new extractor
  • [zing_mp3] Add new extractor
  • [youtube] Fix extracting YouTube search URLs
youtube-dl questions on Stackoverflow (View All Questions)
  • how to set up default download location in youtube-dl
  • How to install avconv for youtube-dl
  • Can't use YouTube-dl to download specified bitrate
  • get saved video path youtube-dl
  • youtube-dl converts "C:\" to "C#\" when setting save location
  • youtube-dl exctraction error while donwloading audio files from youtube playlist
  • youtube-dl rate limit download speed and auto resume download
  • Get download audio URL youtube similar to youtube-dl
  • Get youtube-dl to write to amazon s3
  • Youtube-dl returns wrong title using jQuery, AJAX
  • Wget & Youtube-dl wildcard search and subdirectory download
  • Limit the cpu usage when converting youtube videos to mp3 using youtube-dl
  • youtube-dl - how to set meta attributes and embed thumbnail from python program?
  • How can I use youtube-dl script in my ios application?
  • Autogenerate HTML5 <video> tags from YouTube-DL
  • How to get specified format youtube video download link using youtube-dl in python
  • Syntax error by using ruby-youtube-dl
  • Changing name of the video while downloading via youtube-dl
  • How to start youtube-dl autonumber from a different number than 1?
  • Wrting python script that uses youtube-dl to extract just only the download link?
  • youtube-dl with Lynda.com through organization login
  • Download a song directly to visitor's computer using youtube-dl
  • What is the downloader option --restrict-filenames for python youtube-dl
  • Youtube-dl monitoring status while in python-rq task
  • How can I pass parameters to --output in youtube-dl?
  • use Youtube-dl in a php script
  • How to extract file size from youtube-dl in python script?
  • Youtube-dl library and ERROR 403: Forbidden when using generated direct link by youtube-dl from different locations
  • Setting up youtube-dl on the server to retrieve just the download link
  • TypeError in subprocess command for youtube-dl
youtube-dl list of languages used
youtube-dl latest release notes
2020.06.16.1 youtube-dl 2020.06.16.1


  • [youtube] Force old layout (#25682, #25683, #25680, #25686)
  • [youtube] Fix categories and improve tags extraction
2020.06.16 youtube-dl 2020.06.16


  • [youtube] Fix uploader id and uploader URL extraction
  • [youtube] Improve view count extraction
  • [youtube] Fix upload date extraction (#25677)
  • [youtube] Fix thumbnails extraction (#25676)
  • [youtube] Fix playlist and feed extraction (#25675)
  • [facebook] Add support for single-video ID links
  • [youtube] Extract chapters from JSON (#24819)
  • [kaltura] Add support for multiple embeds on a webpage (#25523)
2020.06.06 youtube-dl 2020.06.06


  • [tele5] Bypass geo restriction
  • [jwplatform] Add support for bypass geo restriction
  • [tele5] Prefer jwplatform over nexx (#25533)
  • [twitch:stream] Expect 400 and 410 HTTP errors from API
  • [twitch:stream] Fix extraction (#25528)
  • [twitch] Fix thumbnails extraction (#25531)
  • [twitch] Pass v5 Accept HTTP header (#25531)
  • [brightcove] Fix subtitles extraction (#25540)
  • [malltv] Add support for sk.mall.tv (#25445)
  • [periscope] Fix untitled broadcasts (#25482)
  • [jwplatform] Improve embeds extraction (#25467)
More projects by rg3 View all
Other projects in Python
Powered by Autocode - Instant Webhooks, Scripts and APIs
Autocode logo wordmark