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Extension that adds support for method calls on primitive types in PHP

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Statistics on scalar_objects

Number of watchers on Github 965
Number of open issues 12
Average time to close an issue 3 months
Main language PHP
Average time to merge a PR 1 day
Open pull requests 2+
Closed pull requests 3+
Last commit 9 months ago
Repo Created almost 8 years ago
Repo Last Updated 5 months ago
Size 125 KB
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Add support for method calls on primitive types in PHP

This extension implements the ability to register a class that handles the method calls to a certain primitive type (string, array, ...). As such it allows implementing APIs like $str->length().

The main purpose of this repo is to provide a proof of concept implementation that can be used to design the new APIs. The switch to object syntax for operations on primitive types is a unique opportunity for PHP to redesign many of its inconsistent core APIs. This repo provides the means to quickly prototype and test new APIs as userland code. Once the APIs are figured out it will be proposed for inclusion into PHP.

Note: The ability to register type handlers from userland is just for prototyping. It's not something I would actually want in PHP in the end.

Registering type handlers

Type handlers are registered through register_primitive_type_handler. The function takes a type name (like string or array) and a class name. The class should contain static methods, which receive the primitive type as the first parameter:


class StringHandler {
    public static function length($self) {
        return strlen($self);

    public static function startsWith($self, $other) {
        return strpos($self, $other) === 0;

register_primitive_type_handler('string', 'StringHandler');

$string = "abc";
var_dump($string->length()); // int(3)
var_dump($string->startsWith("a")); // bool(true)

The valid type names are: null, bool, int, float, string, array and resource. Not all of those will make sense in practice, but for now they are all supported.

Implemented APIs

As already pointed out in the introduction the main purpose of this repo is designing good APIs for the primitive types. The implemented APIs are available in the handlers/ folder (and are obviously work in progress). In order to load these APIs just include the handlers/bootstrap.php file.


The master branch supports PHP version 7.0 to 8.0. Use the version 0.2 branch for PHP 5 support.


In order to compile and install the extension run the following commands:

sudo make install


Download a prebuilt Windows DLL that matches your PHP version and move it into the ext/ directory of your PHP installation. Furthermore you'll have to add extension=php_scalar_objects.dll to your php.ini.

Testing the extension

The extension comes with a run-tests.php file to run the tests. (To see examples of the implemented APIs you should also look in the tests.) The script is run as follows:

php run-tests.php -q -p php

Where php is the path to your PHP executable.


This extension has a number of limitations:

  • Due to technical limitations, it is not possible to create mutable APIs for primitive types. Modifying $self within the methods is not possible (or rather, will have no effect, as you'd just be changing a copy).
scalar_objects open issues Ask a question     (View All Issues)
  • about 4 years PHP-Parser and Scalar Objects?
  • over 4 years Scalar Objects to PECL?
  • about 5 years How do scalar objects behave in benchmark?
  • almost 6 years Can you bring this to PHP RFC?
scalar_objects open pull requests (View All Pulls)
  • Travis-CI build, replaceOnce(), matches()
  • add array handler
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