re-natal

Bootstrap ClojureScript React Native apps

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Statistics on re-natal

Number of watchers on Github 906
Number of open issues 32
Average time to close an issue 6 days
Main language CoffeeScript
Average time to merge a PR 2 days
Open pull requests 3+
Closed pull requests 1+
Last commit 5 months ago
Repo Created over 2 years ago
Repo Last Updated 5 months ago
Size 622 KB
Organization / Authordrapanjanas
Latest Releasev0.8.2
Contributors5
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Re-Natal

A utility for building ClojureScript-based React Native apps

Artur Girenko @drapanjanas


Re-Natal is a simple command-line utility that automates most of the process of setting up a React Native app running on ClojureScript with Reagent + re-frame, Om.Next or Rum.

This project is a fork of dmotz/natal by Dan Motzenbecker.

Figwheel support is based on the brilliant solution developed by Will Decker decker405/figwheel-react-native, which works on both platforms.

For more ClojureScript React Native resources visit cljsrn.org.

Contributions are very welcome.

Status

  • Uses React Native v0.53.0
  • Reusable codebase between iOS and Android
  • Figwheel used for REPL and live coding
    • Works in iOS (real device and simulator)
    • Works in Android (real device and simulators, specifically AVD and Genymotion)
    • Figwheel REPL can be started from within nREPL
    • Simultaneous development of iOS and Android apps
    • Manual reload and automatic hot reload
    • Custom react-native components supported
    • Source maps available
  • Supported React wrappers: Reagent, Om.Next, and Rum
  • Support of windows (UWP and WPF) apps
  • Unified way of using static images of React Native 0.14+ supported

Compatibility with RN versions

Current version of re-natal might not work correctly with older versions of React Native

  • use current version of re-natal with React Native >= v0.46
  • use re-natal < v0.5.0 with React Native < v0.46

Dependencies

As Re-Natal is an orchestration of many individual tools, there are quite a few dependencies. If you've previously done React Native or Clojure development, you should hopefully have most installed already. Platform dependencies are listed under their respective tools.

For iOS development:

  • Xcode (+ Command Line Tools) >=6.3

Creating a new project

Before getting started, make sure you have the required dependencies installed.

Then, install the CLI using npm:

$ npm install -g re-natal

To generate a new app, run re-natal init with your app's name as an argument:

$ re-natal init FutureApp

This will generate a project which uses Reagent v0.6.
You may specify the -i option to choose a specific React wrapper: Om.Next, Reagent v0.6 or Rum:

$ re-natal init FutureApp -i [om-next | reagent6 | rum]

If your app's name is more than a single word, be sure to type it in CamelCase. A corresponding hyphenated Clojure namespace will be created.

The init process will take a few minutes coffee break! If all goes well you should see basic instructions on how to run in iOS simulator.

Development with Figwheel

Initially the index.*.js files are generated with the production profile, ready for deployment.
However, during development it is better to use the development profile and integrate with Figwheel. Switch to the development profile with:

$ re-natal use-figwheel

This command needs to be run every time you switch to the development profile or specify a development environment (with use-ios-device or use-android-device).

NOTE: You might need to restart React Native Packager and reload your app.

Start the Figwheel REPL with

$ lein figwheel [ios | android]

If all went well you should see the REPL prompt and changes in source files should be hot-loaded by Figwheel.

Starting Figwheel REPL from nREPL

To start Figwheel from within nREPL session:

$ lein repl

Then in the nREPL prompt type:

user=> (start-figwheel "ios")

Or, for Android build type:

user=> (start-figwheel "android")

Or, for both type:

user=> (start-figwheel "ios" "android")

Running the app

Note for Linux users

On Linux, the React Native Packager has to be started manually with

react-native start

See here for more details.

iOS

Using iOS simulator

re-natal use-ios-device simulator
react-native run-ios

Using real iOS device

re-natal use-ios-device real

If this doesn't correctly detect your computer's IP you can pass your IP address explicitly: re-natal use-ios-device <IP address>.
And then run

react-native run-ios

Switching between iOS devices

Run use-ios-device to configure device type you want to use in development:

$ re-natal use-ios-device <real|simulator>
$ re-natal use-figwheel
$ lein figwheel ios

Android

Using Android Virtual Device (AVD)

Set up a virtual device in AVD. Start the virtual device then run

$ re-natal use-android-device avd
$ re-natal use-figwheel
$ lein figwheel android
$ react-native run-android

Using Genymotion simulator

Set up and start the Genymotion simulator then run

$ re-natal use-android-device genymotion
$ re-natal use-figwheel
$ lein figwheel android
$ react-native run-android

Using real Android device

To run figwheel with real Android device please read Running on Device.
To make it work on a USB connected device I also had to run:

$ adb reverse tcp:8081 tcp:8081
$ adb reverse tcp:3449 tcp:3449

Then:

$ re-natal use-android-device real
$ re-natal use-figwheel
$ lein figwheel android
$ react-native run-android

Switching between Android devices

Run use-android-device to configure device type you want to use in development:

$ re-natal use-android-device <real|genymotion|avd>
$ re-natal use-figwheel
$ lein figwheel android

Developing iOS and Android apps simultaneously

$ re-natal use-figwheel
$ lein figwheel ios android

Using external React Native Components

Lets say you have installed an external library from npm like this:

$ npm i some-library --save

And you want to use a component called 'some-library/Component':

(def Component (js/require "some-library/Component"))

This works fine when you do lein prod-build and run your app.

The React Native packager statically scans for all calls to require and prepares the required code to be available at runtime. But, dynamically loaded (by Figwheel) code bypasses this scan and therefore requiring the custom component fails.

In re-natal this is solved by adding all dependencies in index.*.js file which is scanned by React Native packager.

Using auto-require

To enable auto-require feature you have to run command:

$ re-natal enable-auto-require

From now on, command use-figwheel will scan for all required modules and generate index.*.js with all required dependencies. You will have to re-run use-figwheel command every time you use new modules via (js/require "...")

This feature is available since re-natal@0.7.0

Manually registering dependencies with use-component command

You can register a single dependency manually by running require command:

$ re-natal require some-library/Component

or for a platform-specific component use the optional platform parameter:

$ re-natal require some-library/ComponentIOS ios

Then, regenerate index.*.js files:

$ re-natal use-figwheel

Lastly, you will have to restart the packager and reload your app.

NOTE: If you mistyped something, or no longer use the component and would like to remove it, manually open .re-natal and fix it there (it's just a list of names in JSON format, so the process should be straight forward).

Scanning for dependencies with require-all command

If you have used new modules in your code you can run:

$ re-natal require-all

This will scan your code for (js/require ...) calls and add new required modules automatically. After this, you still need to run use-figwheel command to regenerate index.*.js files.

REPL

You have to reload your app, and should see the REPL coming up with the prompt.

At the REPL prompt, try loading your app's namespace:

(in-ns 'future-app.ios.core)

Changes you make via the REPL or by changing your .cljs files should appear live in the simulator.

Try this command as an example:

(dispatch [:set-greeting "Hello Native World!"])

Running on Linux

In addition to the instructions above on Linux you might need to start React Native packager manually with command react-native start. This was reported in #3

See this tutorial on how to set up and run re-natal on a clean install of Ubuntu.

See also Linux and Windows support in React Native docs.

Support of UWP and WPF apps (using react-native-windows)

To start new project with UWP app:

$ re-natal init FutureApp -u

To start new project with WPF app:

$ re-natal init FutureApp -w

Existing projects can also add windows platforms any time using commands:

$ re-natal add-platform windows

or

$ re-natal add-platform wpf

Note: for projects generated with re-natal version prior to 0.4.0 additional windows builds will not be added automatically to project.clj. Workaround is to generate fresh windows project and copy-paste additional builds manually.

Production build

Do this with command:

$ lein prod-build

Follow the React Native documentation to proceed with the release.

Advanced CLJS compilation

$ lein advanced-build

The ReactNative externs are provided by react-native-externs Other library externs needs to be added manually to advanced profile in project.clj

Static Images

Since version 0.14 React Native supports a unified way of referencing static images

In Re-Natal skeleton images are stored in images directory. Place your images there and reference them from cljs code:

(def my-img (js/require "./images/my-img.png"))

Adding an image during development

When you have dropped a new image to images dir, you need to restart React Native packager and re-run command:

$ re-natal use-figwheel

This is needed to regenerate index.*.js files which includes require calls to all local images. After this you can use a new image in your cljs code.

If your images aren't able to be required after running re-natal use-figwheel, you may need to also run react-native run-android.

Upgrading existing Re-Natal project

Upgrading React Native version

To upgrade React Native to newer version please follow the official Upgrading guide of React Native. Re-Natal makes almost no changes to the files generated by react-native so the official guide should be valid.

Upgrading Re-Natal CLI version

Do this if you want to use newer version of re-natal.

Commit or backup your current project, so that you can restore it in case of any problem ;)

Upgrade re-natal npm package

$ npm upgrade -g re-natal

In root directory of your project run

$ re-natal upgrade

This will overwrite only some files which usually contain fixes in newer versions of re-natal, and are unlikely to be changed by the user. No checks are done, these files are just overwritten:

  • files in /env directory
  • figwheel-bridge.js

Then to continue development using figwheel

$ re-natal use-figwheel

Enabling source maps when debugging in chrome

To make source maps available in Debug in Chrome mode re-natal patches the react native packager to serve *.map files from file system and generate only index.*.map file. To achieve this this line of file node_modules/react-native/packager/react-packager/src/Server/index.js is modified to match only index.*.map

To do this run: re-natal enable-source-maps and restart packager.

You can undo this any time by deleting node_modules and running re-natal deps

Example Apps

Tips

  • Having rlwrap installed is optional but highly recommended since it makes the REPL a much nicer experience with arrow keys.

  • Running multiple React Native apps at once can cause problems with the React Packager so try to avoid doing so.

  • You can launch your app on the simulator without opening Xcode by running react-native run-ios in your app's root directory (since RN 0.19.0).

  • To change advanced settings run re-natal xcode to quickly open the Xcode project.

  • If you have customized project layout and re-natal upgrade does not fit you well, then these commands might be useful for you:

    • re-natal copy-figwheel-bridge - just copies figwheel-bridge.js from current re-natal

Local Development of Re-Natal

If you would like to run any of this on your local environment first clone the code to an appropriate place on your machine and install dependencies

$ git clone https://github.com/drapanjanas/re-natal.git
$ cd re-natal
$ npm install

To test any changes made to re-natal, cd to an already existing project or a brand new dummy project:

$ cd ../already-existing

and run the re-natal command line like so

$ node ../re-natal/index.js

  Usage: re-natal [options] [command]


  Commands:

    init [options] <name>              create a new ClojureScript React Native project
    upgrade                            upgrades project files to current installed version of re-natal (the upgrade of re-natal itself is done via npm)
    add-platform <platform>            adds additional app platform: 'windows' - UWP app, 'wpf' - WPF app
    xcode                              open Xcode project
    deps                               install all dependencies for the project
    use-figwheel                       generate index.*.js for development with figwheel
    use-android-device <type>          sets up the host for android device type: 'real' - localhost, 'avd' - 10.0.2.2, 'genymotion' - 10.0.3.2, IP
    use-ios-device <type>              sets up the host for ios device type: 'simulator' - localhost, 'real' - auto detect IP on eth0, IP
    use-component <name> [<platform>]  configures a custom component to work with figwheel. name is the value you pass to (js/require) function.
    enable-source-maps                 patches RN packager to server *.map files from filesystem, so that chrome can download them.
    copy-figwheel-bridge               copy figwheel-bridge.js into project

  Options:

    -h, --help     output usage information
    -V, --version  output the version number

You can then run any of the commands manually.

re-natal open issues Ask a question     (View All Issues)
  • over 1 year use ios/android only module in same project
  • over 1 year figwheel-bridge.js requires `"figwheel.connect." + platform` when it spits out just "figwheel.connect"
  • almost 2 years prod build runs out of memory
  • almost 2 years add dirac
  • almost 2 years Stop working during initialize new project
  • about 2 years Error with fresh install / run
  • about 2 years Figwheel inferior to Hot Reloading?
  • about 2 years When running figwheel on both platforms at once, reloads are doubled
  • about 2 years Google Closure defines not working with figwheel
  • about 2 years Automatically write dev env ip in `(start-figwheel)` for `env.main` to use (fix included)
  • over 2 years Example of creating a component?
  • over 2 years Slow bootup times on Android
  • over 2 years Contribute to RN packager and remove hack for serving *.map files
  • over 2 years Out Of Memory Errors on Android
re-natal open pull requests (View All Pulls)
  • lein prod-build does not compile CLJS with dependency on om 1.0.0-alpha35 …
  • Updates :builds to be compatible with latest cljsbuild
  • Logging the message where the error originates
re-natal list of languages used
re-natal latest release notes
v0.8.2 v0.8.2
  • Use React Native 0.53.0
  • fix broken Rum template
  • fix jvm-opts for java9 (@stask)
  • updated coffeescript to fix npm warning (@prertik)
v0.8.1 v0.8.1
  • Use React Native 0.52.0
  • Bump versions: clj->1.9, cljs->1.9.946, re-frame->0.10.4 (@nrakochy)
  • Add jvm options to support JDK9
v0.8.0 v0.8.0
  • Use React Native 0.50.3
    • Note that since version 0.49 react-native-cli generates project with single App.js entry file. Re-Natal still generates separate entry files index.ios.js and index.android.js. Mainly due to technical reasons, might change in future.
  • New command re-natal set-figwheel-port for cases when you want to run figwheel on port other than default 3449
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